2806NRS Research In Nursing


Social relationships have been repeatedly identified to be essential for the well-being of residents in nursing homes. They are also crucial in determining their quality of living, life meaning, satisfaction, and psychological well-being.

It is crucial to reflect on the opinions and work done by residents to form relationships with peers and staff in order to identify areas for targeted interventions that foster, support and sustain relationships in practice.

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Answer to Question: 2806NRS Research In Nursing

Over the years, many different frameworks have been developed for critical evaluation of journal papers.

These frameworks provide students with a guideline for critically analyzing journal papers.

Casp Tool is an invaluable tool for this kind of appraisal.

Casp tools offer a simple set of questions which, when answered sequentially, can give you a clear understanding of the positives and negatives.

The Casp Tool has many questions to be answered for systematic reviews, qualitative analyses, quantitative analysis, case studies and more (Hyett and colleagues, 2014).

Polit and Beck framework is another tool used by many researchers.

This framework is useful in the evaluation of qualitative and quantitative papers. The framework gives students the ability to critically analyze each part in a sequential way.

Dr. Simon Budgen (a respected researcher) is an emergency physician in Caboolture.

This hospital is licensed under the Metro North hospitals, and the Health Services under the Queensland system.

His team of distinguished colleagues includes doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals.

They are always looking for innovative ways to overcome any obstacles in their path to providing the best care possible to patients in the emergency room.

They became concerned about the possible dislodgment or retraction of a peripheral intravenous catheter, which could cause severe health problems and prevent people from being able to attend emergency situations.

Their research has led to the discovery of skin glue that can be used in such cases.

The Annals of Emergency Medicine was actually published by the American college of Emergency medicine. It contains the works of leading researchers in emergency medicine (Elloe et al. (2014)).

These researchers have also contributed papers to the fields of emergency medicine, disaster management, toxicology, health policy management, and pediatric emergency.

They are among the most cited papers of its 25 competitors. This journal is just 5 years older than its journal and has been in battle with it for 9 years.

Science citation index has supported this journal with the most votes among all its rivals.

The impact factor, which can be used to determine the importance and extent of a paper in a journal, has a value equal to 5.0008. This is the highest value among all competitors.

This means that the article is trustworthy and authentic, as it was based on research evidence.

Title and abstract

The title of the paper gave enough information about the work to allow the reader to make an informed decision.

The title provided enough information to give the reader an idea of the intervention needed while handling the device in order to achieve success.

The title properly stated the goals and the outcome of the research.

The abstract was very brief but contained sufficient information to give the reader a glimpse into the process of the researcher’s and his team.

All procedures were described in a brief manner, but they were thorough enough to cover important parts of research (Eisner 2017.

Structure of the essay

The paper did not provide a complete literature review on their topic, which was what they wanted to do.

This is because a literature overview creates the background to the paper, which shows information that has led to the researches becoming a concern topic.

It also displays the work done over time by other researchers in the same subject to either show their ideas or learn from their mistakes.

Researchers can be assured that their work will be free of flaws thanks to these features.

The author provided a brief paragraph indicating its importance.

He had described the reasons for why they feel that failure of this device could result in serious issues and dangers to the lives patients.

They had discussed how the device could have led to an increase in mortality, morbidity, as well as a disruption of the work of nurses in emergency rooms.

The study cannot be considered literature reviews because not enough information was gathered. This has been confirmed by More (2015).

However, the study correctly identified the participants as well as the locations of patients admitted to emergency rooms. The research was then done.

The theoretical framework was incorrectly stated, and correct information under each heading was absolutely not done.

It is discovered that the information is present in a dispersed manner and under inappropriate headings.

Furthermore, the method for data collection was not mentioned properly. Information about data collection is present but in a scattered way, with some information under the sample section, some below the limitation section, and some under under the outcome measures section.

The collection process was not explained in detail and can often cause confusion.

It is important to mention the limitations of the investigation in detail. This is one of the strengths of the study, as it allows readers to see what factors may have had an impact on research and could have changed its fate.Sample:

The readers were given a detailed description of the sample that was collected by the research team.

All of the exclusion and inclusion criteria for the patients were clearly indicated.

As their agitation might prevent them from being recruited for the research, their inclusion was not possible.

All patients who were discharged straight from an emergency department without being hospitalized were also excluded.

The clarity of sample selection is an important matter. It helped the readers understand who was and wasn’t apt to participate in the research.

In a diagrammatic manner, the data tracking was presented to help readers see how many participants were enrolled.

The numbers of patients that were allocated were followed up and analyzed which eventually led to the inclusion.

A negative aspect of this research paper is the fact that the total number and names of the parents were not included in the same section. However, it was listed in the conclusion section.

This indicates that the research paper was not organized well and there was no information in the sample section.Data collection:

The paper completely skipped the section on data collection and did not include any details about the process of data collection.

This is because a reader must examine the data collection method to be able to judge how effective it was and help to identify errors or genuine data (Marshall & Rossman 2014.

However, there are some information that is scattered throughout the research paper. The patient can only understand this information if they read it twice.

The sample section includes some information in forums.

It is stated that among the three most prominent nurses who were dependent on emergency care, one was fully committed to carrying out the screening and was always present.

The screening process is not mentioned, which creates confusion and dissatisfaction in the readers.

In the outcome section, you can see that there is some information. This includes the fact that the outcomes were measured in person by nurses for patients in hospitals or by telephonic communication for discharged patients.

Additional information was included in the limitation section after this information was completed.

The limitation section contains information about the standard questionnaire, chart reviews, as well as with the support of ward employees. This information can be accessed via telephonic conversation or direct visualization.

These scattered data ruin the quality and cause readers to be unsure about the authenticity.

Readers may think the data wasn’t properly collected because they don’t get properly mentioned.

An additional negative consequence of not collecting the proper data paragraph is that it may result in the loss of accurate information about the instruments used. This could lead to a failure to evaluate the reliability of the factors and the measurement procedure.

Data analysis

The primary data analysis involved determining the patient sample from each group. Each was given a peripheral intravenous tubing catheter.

The failure rate in both the intervention and control groups was higher (standard care was used) than that in the intervention (where skin glue was used as an attachment method). In the intervention group, the failure rate was only 4%.

This was done with 80% power at the alpha level.

This was accomplished using a complete software-based method. This reduces the possibility of human error.

After data collection, they were incorporated into a tablet such as an iPad that had the Form Connect software.

The data were then transferred into Stata (version 12.1 StataCorp College Station TX).

The research paper’s positive aspect is that the analysis was conducted on the intention to treat basse.

Peripheral intravenous device devices were the unit of measure.

Time calculation was also performed. This ensured that the software inputs were accurate, and reduced the possibility of errors.

Proper statistical significance was noted along with the proper confidence intervals, which eliminated the possibility that any unauthentic information could have been included in the study.

The complete results were not considered and were therefore only included.

These steps show that the researchers were very precise about the process (Saldaria et al., 2015).

Due to the fact that the skin glue provided was colored, it was impossible to blind the participants.

Because of this, the author stated that blinding would not have produced any positive effects.

The outcomes were clearly described and said that any outcome that results in the replacement or destruction of the device would be considered a failure of the device.

Different outcomes could include dislodgement and occlusion.

All of these factors were integrated into the software in order for any analysis to be performed and any conclusion reached.

The following is a description of the findings:

However, these findings marked the success of the researches.

Because the results it produced showed 27% failure in the control groups compared with 17% in those in the intervention.

Sharp decline of 10% means that hospital resources will be better utilized and allocated for other vital treatment purposes.

This table makes it much easier and clearer for the reader.

It was obvious that both groups had no infection. However, catheter dislodging failures were less common in the intervention than in control. This was about 7% compared to 14% in the control group.

This makes it much easier for readers to understand the result without having to dig through huge amounts of data.

Also, the number of patients suffering from occlusion and phlebitis was lower in the intervention group than it was in the control.

This is why the findings of the study are so in line with the research goal. Skin glue applications to PIC can indeed be beneficial in relieving many adverse conditions among emergency department patients (Yakub et. al., 2014.).

Individual results were also presented that showed that the sufferers in the control and intervention groups suffered from the same conditions as the patients in the emergency departments.

You can see that the findings were indeed expected and that the researchers were able prove their claims.

All information required to support the claim has been provided and they are presented in a complete and clear manner.

The research team has presented their findings in a succinct manner.

The researchers also provided a summary of the findings. This gave the reader an idea about what factors could have influenced the results and how to avoid them.

The researchers made no suggestion for further research, and didn’t mention any implication.Conclusion:

The authors haven’t included a paragraph that concludes with the heading but instead have provided a paragraph for discussion.

He had also discussed how the research results would aid in overcoming unfavorable circumstances.

The study includes the conclusion. This usually gives a brief description of the research that was conducted.

Instead, he has discussed whether there would be any adverse effects if it were applied to the skin. Additionally, he has described the process as easy and quick.

This is not a conclusive statement, as there has been new information.

The absence of a conclusion is not a sign of a lack of discussion. However, it does show that the discussion contains both a summary and new information (Yaqub. et al. (2014)).

Application for Nursing Practice:

Research shows that expensive devices such as the peripheral intravenous cath catheter are associated with high resource costs.

This includes the cost of inserting the catheter. These costs are then followed up by additional practices such as proper dressing and a needless connector.

Also, the cost of extended tubing is high.

Failure to insert the tube and reinsertion of a new tube results in a large energy cost for nurses. Also, healthcare resources are greatly reduced.

Many times, a single insertion failure can start a vicious cycle in which many more reinsertions will fail. This increases the danger to the patient’s safety (Helm et. al., 2015).

This can lead to a costly procedure that requires immediate attention.

When a nurse spends an excessive amount of time handling the device in an emergency unit, it can result in life-threatening consequences for patients.

Another reason this problem is troubling patients and nurses is that it often leads to infection.

Many steps have been taken over time, including the prevention of needle sticks. This is replaced by the safety needle containment gadgets (Farris. et al. (2015)).

It can be used with adhesive film dressings.

These treatments have not proved to be successful and may only provide temporary relief in certain cases.

But the nurses’ intervention is expected to have positive outcomes for the patients. The nurse will be able to reduce her work load and the patient will be protected from any potential life threats (Edwards, et al. 2014).

This would also allow you to save money for emergencies.References:Edwards, M., Rickard, C. M., Rapchuk, I., Corley, A., Marsh, N., Spooner, A. J., … & Fraser, J. F. (2014).

Pilot testing of bordered polyurethane and tissue adhesive dressings as well as sutureless devices to secure short-term catheters.

Critical Care and Resuscitation, 16(3). 175.Eisner, E. W. (2017).

The enlightened mind: Qualitative inquiry, the enhancement of educational practices and the enlightened ear.

Teachers College Press.Elo, S., Kaariainen, M., Kanste, O., Polkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngas, H. (2014).

Qualitative Content Analysis: A focus on trustworthiness. Sage Open, 4(1), 2158244014522633.Farris, M. K., Petty, M., Hamilton, J., Walters, S. A., & Flynn, M. A. (2015).

One-center observational study on medical adhesive-related skin injury prevalence among adult acute care patients.

Journal of Wound Ostomy & Continence Nursing. 42(6), 589-598.Heinrichs, J., Fritze, Z., Vandermeer, B., Klassen, T., & Curtis, S. (2013).

An ultrasonographically guided peripheral intravenous needle cannulation in children and adults: A systematic and meta-analysis.

Annals of emergency medicine 61(4), 444-454Helm, R. E., Klausner, J. D., Klemperer, J. D., Flint, L. M., & Huang, E. (2015).

Accepted but unaccepted: peripheral IV catheter Failure.

Journal of Infusion Nursing. 38(3), 189–203.Hyett, N., Kenny, A., & Dickson-Swift, V. (2014).

Methodology or method?

Critical analysis of qualitative case study report reviews.

International journal of qualitative studies in health and well-being.Keogh, S., Flynn, J., Marsh, N., Mihala, G., Davies, K., & Rickard, C. (2016).

Variable flushing frequency, volume and prevention of peripheral intravenous catheter malfunction: A pilot randomised controlled study in adult medical-surgical patients. Trials, 17(1), 348.Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research.

Sage publications.Morse, J. M. (2015).

Critical analysis strategies for determining rigor when qualitative inquiry.

Qualitative Health Research, 25(9). 1212-1222.Saldana, J. (2015).

The coding handbook for qualitative researchers. Sage.Tesch, R. (2013).

Qualitative Types. Analysis Typ. Routledge.Yaqub, O., Castle-Clarke, S., Sevdalis, N., & Chataway, J. (2014).

Review of attitudes toward vaccination.

Social Science & Medicine. 112, 1-11.