401011 Research Principles For Nursing And Midwifery


Discuss the Research Principles for Nursing and Midwifery. This program offers short teaching times and has no practice component.

The program cannot provide the necessary knowledge transfer to nurses.

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Answer to Question: 401011 Research Principles For Nursing And Midwifery


Nursing is an idea that has been developed to provide care for people’s health.

These are the basic strategies a nurse should use to care for patients.

Different clinical institutions have new technologies that can be used to train nurses.

The educator has the responsibility to teach the trainees while taking proper care.

Unfortunately, nursing in Malaysia and other parts of the globe is not without its problems. Students are often faced with the problem of high tuition for a limited degree.

The lack of sufficient resources from both government and not-governmental agencies to provide minimum requirements for students means that papers are not properly reviewed.

Proper guidance should be provided using the correct methods and rules to ensure that medical colleges and hospitals are managed.


At the time of the first development of culture, nursing was a concept. Today it is still evolving.

Malaysian nursing education has adopted the concept of translational higher education (TNHE).

The TNHE concept, which is relatively new in Malaysia, is still being used in clinical settings.

This kind of post-registration training is intended to bridge that gap between Malaysian nursing style, western nursing style, and meet expectations (Hill et al. 2014).

Cultural influence and professional development are key factors for nursing education development (Caruana (2016)).

According to Malaysia’s nursing community, the TNHE programs provide short teaching times and have no practice component.

This program cannot provide nurses with the knowledge transfer needed to be able fit into Malaysian culture and clinical settings.

Globally, practice to theory gaps in nursing are a serious problem.

The TNHE programs are short in time, making it difficult for Malaysian nursing to adapt to the fast-paced Australian and UK teaching and learning processes (Arunasalam (2016)).

Another important trend is that education providers and nurses tend to be more focused on the degree, rather than applying the clinical knowledge.

These are some of the potential solutions to the Malaysian nursing education problems.

Prior to TNHE programs, academics should be exposed to the culture of their host country.

To understand the method of delivery, lecturer in Malaysian should visit the TNHE provider (Saha), 2015.

Before the course commences, it is necessary to announce the induction module’s development.

To gain feedback from students, the continuous evaluation system must be included in teaching (Crisp and Chen, 2014).

Recent trends in nursing education, Malaysian and worldwide, include:

Health-care system transitions: Preventive rather than curative approaches to illness are preferred.

Specialistized care for illness instead of primary health-care should be evidence-based, not trial-error basis, and the last should focus on quality more than cost (Oermann & Gaberson (2016)).

Transition in the Workplace

Multidimensional approach. Priority is given to updating nursing staff’s knowledge and providing better client care.

There are special online courses for clinical learning as well as vocational training centers. These courses will improve the nursing domain (Cherry & Jacob 2016).

Despite all the technological advancements made in nursing, there are still many major problems.

Selection of students: The student is not subject to a proper scrutiny process (Kajander et. al., 2014.).

Institutional inadequacy is the lack of adequate resources at governmental and non-governmental institutions that can cause poor education.

The stipend paid to nurses is less.

Transportation problems also plague students (Oermann & Gaberson 2016).

Higher education:Lacking promotion activities, for teaching at colleges.

Few M.Sc.

The funding for nursing courses is less than that of other courses.

To support the research wing, most institutes lack Ph.D. programs.

Currently, there is a shortage in qualified teachers (Yoder Wise 2014).

Cost: The majority of nursing colleges do NOT have hospitals in order to give students the best possible exposure.

In-house facilities can be expensive.

Due to poor hostel and library condition, less students enroll in the courses (Crisp& Chen, 2014).

Strategies for Teaching Methodology

Teaching refers to the application of appropriate methods to foster students through the education mode.

Education helps students to improve their thinking and knowledge.

Nursing is more than just understanding the patients. It is also a strategy for emancipating the patients’ psychology in a diverse and complex environment.

A nursing specialist must be able to think more critically and is able to develop their thinking abilities.

The oxygen that nurses need to learn is from their clinical experiences.

Students in the field have the right to receive the best nursing education possible (Billings & Halstead 2015.

An educator-student relationship needs to be characterized as a practical one.

It is the obligation of the educators that they impart basic knowledge to trainees or students, and then make sure they are updated with the clinical ambiance.

They should be able to understand and implement the lessons.

Nurse educators must fulfill their responsibility to provide a learning environment that fosters critical thinking.

The student should learn the principles of teaching and be able to apply them.

It is vital to be creative in Nursing.

This will not only improve education in hospitals, but it will also help to strengthen administration and support the efforts to reach the national goals for human development.

To give life to a nursing education, these methods include creating portfolios, web designing, and case studies.

It is essential to get rid of the traditional didactic method of teaching. By using these methodologies, the learning environment will be more effective (Cicolini and Simonetti (2014)


Clinical institutions follow a variety teaching methods.

These methods get good ratings despite the fact that they are innovative. Teachers must ensure that students follow the instructions and make sure that everything is being done correctly.

It is important that the teacher observes and evaluates the class.

How important is the selection process for new approaches

Inspiration to help you develop positive mentality and positive behaviors.

Techniques for motivating students with low motivation

Learning strategies must be project-based.

Collaboration with students in laboratory and wards.

Empowering students with the ability to think critically. (Censu, Guyatt & Cilisca, 2014)

Nursing requires a combination between theory and practice.

These are just a few of the many education strategies that can be used to help students develop their communication skills.

Stimulation: A strategy used in a hospital to help students learn.

Stimulators provide interactive training for nursing students.

This is where educators hold an interactive session for students. The goal of the educators is to help them solve their problems.

Telecommunication: It is an internet-based model of education in which the teacher and trainee communicate directly.

Blackboard is also known as web-based education. It’s designed to be used in conjunction with online courses where face to face interaction is possible.

This type education enriches the learning process.

Education and Multimedia – Students are encouraged to use multimedia in order to prepare them for all skill tests.

Problem-Based Learning

It is a teaching method that emphasizes active learning and is suitable for nursing students.

PBL is an instructional approach that encourages active learning and helps students develop critical thinking skills.

It applies knowledge accumulation to clinical problems. This motivates students to learn and develop solutions to clinical problems.

This all helps to promote self-motivated nursing education.

Students should be encouraged and supported to become self-motivated.

Student learning from the difficult problems helps them gain experiences that will be useful later in their career.

PBL students need to establish their own learning goals.

This allows them to be self-sufficient and apply the acquired knowledge in their daily lives.

According to research, 94% respondents thought Problem Based Learning would help them understand the topic. (Kong et. al., 2014.)Activities Of Role Model In Nursing

Role Modeling refers to the act of modeling behavior and teaching others.

A skill role model can help you discover valuable information that is embedded in clinical procedures.

Students or trainees need to closely observe the role model as their activities will reflect the learnings they are looking for.

Role models should be able to inspire students to learn about the clinical environment.

They should teach students how to think critically and to be researchers. This will allow them to incorporate theory and practice learning into their future nursing careers.

Professional nurses are a role model for students and must help them develop professional character while caring for patients (Masters of Nursing, 2015).Case Study

It is an effective way to teach and motivate students to be able to use the moment to develop their reasoning and critical thinking skills.

It promotes active learning and helps to facilitate it.

Nursing educators can use case studies to encourage active learning and rationale thinking by teaching.

Students can also learn more about clinical environments by developing critical thinking through case studies (Prosavac 2015.

Case studies are a way to build knowledge and allow students to observe problems in professional life.

It is a form of learning, and is performed in a group of several members using a question-and-answer format.

Case studies are a part problem-based learning. This helps students to improve their communication skills as well as their critical thinking skills (Forsgren Christensen and Hedemalm (2014)).

Information Technology as a Teaching Tool

Trend analysis of nursing education shows that information technology could play an important role in the transformational process of the education system.

ICT (Information and Communication Technologies), are in high demand in healthcare.

The use of visual aids and internet access in the classroom environment has accelerated student interest.

Virtual Learning Environment (VLE), can help bridge the gap between theoretical knowledge acquired and how it will be applied in clinical settings.

VLE makes education more effective by optimizing the classroom to maximize knowledge use. It allows students to better understand concepts, rather than simply reading about them.

Today, visual aids are preferred over the traditional educational paradigm.

The simulation of the procedure for peripheral venipuncture can be done using ICT technology. (Pucer Trobec & Zvanut, 2014).

While it won’t give the student real work experience however, they will be much more aware of the process and be able perform it better.


As a conclusion, the report addressed current issues and trends in nursing education.

To illustrate the main issues, the Malaysian system of nursing education was compared with western systems.

The introduction of the appropriate teaching strategies can close the practice-to-theory gap in knowledge.

Role model, case study, and problem-based learning can all be used to instill critical thinking skills that will help you solve problems in the clinical setting.

ICT technology, simulation-based projections, and the introduction of ICT technology will present the concepts in a more lucid way than theoretical knowledge. It makes the concept easier to grasp for nursing students.

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