BIO 2003 Principles Of Genetics


Introduction and Relevance

Explain why your topic is relevant to the degree programme that you are studying.

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Why is this a pertinent and interesting topic?

What is the current/topical topic?

Is it a topic that needs to be addressed?further?

What are your personal interests/motivations?

Key Research

What is the current knowledge on the subject you are proposing to study?

What are the main studies that have already been done on this subject?

This has been done in the region?

It is important to show that your knowledge is current.

This can help you.

Research in closely related areas of your topic can be added if there is not enough research.

If your topic is not covered, you can include research in related areas.

You will need to choose carefully what topics you want to discuss if there is so much research.

Do not list the results, but evaluate the work.

Justification of the Proposal

Based on the key research presented at part (3), what aspect/research do feel you have?lacking?

Are there still unanswered issues?

Is there a knowledge gap?

Are You a good example of a person who is able to identify a gap in knowledge?

Is there a situation where the existing knowledge could be better or more effectively applied?

It is important to do additional research in the area you are interested in.


After identifying a gap of knowledge, which was discussed in part 4, what specific goals do your have?


You can summarize the information in three bullet points.

Your proposed Plan Of Action

How can you achieve the aims outlined in part (5)

These are the methods you will use.


What information will your investigation yield?

What is the process of your investigation? Provide details of sampling/collection/analysis of data.

Will your work be literature-based only?

Is this what you want to do

Do you want to conduct laboratory experiments?

Will you conduct field work/surveys? Will you use a questionnaire?

Ethical issues

Do you anticipate ethical issues from your research proposal being raised?

If not, explain why not.

If so, please tell us.

Which are they, and how can you address them?

Answer to Question: BIO 2003 Principles Of Genetics

Empirical research has shown that autism may not be a condition of mental or genetic disorders. Instead, it could simply be a medical disorder that is treatable and manageable.

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which can begin in childhood. It may lead to a lifelong disability if it is not treated at an early stage.

People with autism are more likely to have problems communicating with other people on social networks.

Their social reactions to people and the world they receive are different. They experience difficulties with interacting with others in their daily lives.

American Psychiatric Association, 2013, states that the number of autistic individuals is on the rise. These findings are based on studies done in India as well as the US.

In the past one third of people had autism. Today, however, this number is one in sixty.

It is imperative that research be done in order to find a long-lasting solution for autism.

Research has revealed that camel milk offers many positive benefits to children with autism.

This research examines how camel milk can be beneficial to autistic child (Dumont Mathieu, 2005).

Through extensive literature review, and a combination qualitative and quantitative approaches to the research questions, the research objectives seek to answer: Can camel milk cur Autism?

Key Research

A variety of events are part of the day-to-day life of an individual.

These events include interactions with others and communication between them.

Effective communication and good social interactions are necessary for the flow of activities and behavior in a societal setting (Joppe2000).

Autism individuals have trouble fitting in with their normal lives as they cannot keep up with the pace of everyday life.

Autism affects both individual interest and behavior.

A person with autism may perceive, feel, and hear different aspects of life than a normal person.

The difficulties that autism presents has driven medical researchers to tirelessly search for strategies to overcome it.

Kira (2014) explains that autism spectrum disorder is a condition in which there is no cure.

However, the author claims that modern medical advances with the help of technology have enabled extensive research and led to unexpected medical solutions.

This article describes a research study that was done among children from Europe with autistic behaviors (Myers 2007, 2007).

To assess if the children had improved their interaction with the world and their individual behaviors, they were given daily camel milk.

It was concluded that camelmilk and autism related characteristics had a remarkable relationship.

According to the National Centre for Special Children’s 2016 Annual Report, autism rates continue to increase.

This is a significant increase in autistic children compared to the numbers of the past decades (Peacock (2009)).

The report does however hint at potential solutions to the problem that are already being examined and implemented.

The report states that recent research on autism-related children revealed that camel milk has a range of antibiotic ingredients which, when consumed, plays a vital role in improving individuals’ immunity.

According to Persico (2013), autism children who had been fed consistently with camel milk over a time period showed significant improvements in their immunity systems. This was in addition to a marked improvement in their communication abilities and social interactions (Persico).

Review of research that has previously been done on the health benefits of camelmilk also shows its medicinal value.

This research is flawed, however, and no specific medical condition is shown to be curable with camelmilk.

Volkmar (2009) points out that autism should not ever be treated as a disease. It should be treated as a medical condition which can be controlled and managed while lasting solutions are found.

Many studies have been conducted on the subject and there are hopes that this will lead to a treatment for autism.

Research also shows a direct relationship between camel milk, autism management or cure, and the ability of this milk to do so.

Justification of the Study

It is clear from the above research that there are still many sophisticated methods needed to find a solution.

While there are many health benefits to camel milk, scientific evidence does not support this conclusion.

For improved research on this topic, it would be important to conduct a variety of medical tests and analysis on camel milk. This will allow us to find the specific components that might be beneficial for individuals with autism (Persico 2006.

These components could be used in new forms of medicine or drugs.

As the research revealed, there is another gap. The prior studies were conducted when the children received other types of medical care.

The research shows that the changes in the conditions of the children would not be attributed solely to their intake of camelmilk.

Research must be conducted in a way that subjects do not have to be on any other medication for the duration of the examination (Wong, 2004,).

Thus, it could be concluded that there is a clear association between the intake of milk from camels and its effects on autism.

Prior research on this topic focused only on certain areas, especially those with ample supply of camelmilk.

Therefore, areas with low supply of this commodity will not benefit from the findings, particularly in areas with poor infrastructure or development (Zachor (2006)).

This means that the research method must be modified and improved to make the findings more useful for the world.

The components of medicinal value in camelmilk could be identified and used to create drugs that can then be distributed around the globe (Waltz, 2013,).


To determine the precise relationship between camelmilk and autism

To use autistic students as subjects in the study of behavior improvements after daily intakes camel milk.

To identify the components of camelmilk with medicinal value.

Research Plan

Both quantitative and qualitative methods will be employed in this study.

It will also be necessary to review all literature relevant to autism and the health-benefits of camelmilk.

On the basis of their coverage depth, approximately 20 sources will have been analyzed from which different concepts shall be drawn.

The concepts shall then be analysed to find consistency, relevance, as well as validity (Schmitz, 2008).

In order to get data on the research question, the research process may also include medical exams and surveys.

The research will involve 50 children diagnosed with severe autism.

The samples will be divided into two parts based on their ages and gender.

This would enable us to establish the effects of gender on the research outcome.

The 50 children would be required to consume 500ml per day of camel milk.

During this time, a concurrent evaluation will be conducted.

The evaluation will use an autism checklist that contains about 80 items to test for communication, social and behavioral skills.

The evaluation shall have a total of 100 points (Stefanatos, 2008).

Any improvements in skills tested shall be documented over a five-month period.

The results shall be used for obtaining a trend diagram whose variables shall include the number days against the recorded percentage increase in tested skills.

These data will be supported by the parents’ oral interviews and questionnaires.

Their responses to questionnaires and oral interviews about their children’s behavior during the study period will be analyzed.

In order to determine the connection between autistic behaviors and camel milk intake, both cases’ data will be analyzed.

Ethical issues

The research process is free from ethical concerns.

The questionnaires will not contain the names or addresses of subjects to ensure confidentiality and privacy.

Furthermore, the results of the questionnaires shall not be shared with any third parties. They will only be used to aid in the research process.Conclusion:

The rise of autism across the globe serves as a wakeup for the medical profession.

We need a long-lasting solution to this issue.

Camel milk might be an option. More research could then be done to identify other options to overcome the autism challenges.References:

Anderson C. (2012). ‘Occurrences of elopement and the family impact on children with autism spectrum conditions’. Pediatrics, 130(5). pp. 870-877.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013) Neurodevelopmental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Fifth ed., pp. 31-86.

Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Association.

T. Dumont Mathieu (2005). “Screening in autism in young people: The Modified Checklist For Autism in Toddlers, (M–CHAT) and Other Measures”.

Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities Research Reviews. 11(3): 253-262.

Joppe M., 2000. The research process.

London: Sage publications.Myers, D. (2007) Exploring social psychology. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Peacock G. (2009). Autism spectrum disorder: Prevalence, vaccines.

Pediatric Annals. 38(1). pp. 22-25.Persico, A. (2013). ‘Autism genetics’ Behavioural Brain Research. 25(1), pp. 95-112.Persico, A.

(2006). “Searching to find ways out the autism maze. Genetic and epigenetic clues” Trends Neurosci. 29 (7), pp. 349-5.Schmitz, C.(2008).

The neuropathology of Autism: Where do we stand?

Neuropathology 34 (1). 4-11.

Kira C (2014) Autism spectrum Disorder: The Complete Guide to Understanding Autism. New York: Perigee.Stefanatos, G. (2008) ‘Regression in autistic spectrum disorders’. Neuropsychology, 18 (4), PP. 305-19.

Volkmar F. (2009). ‘Autism and Autism Spectrum disorders: Diagnostic issues to the next decade’ Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 50. pp. 108-115.Waltz, M. (2013).

Autism: A social and medical history.

New York, Palgrave Macmillan.

Wong V. (2004). A modified screening tool for autism (Checklist For Autism in Toddlers[CHAT-23]). Pediatrics, 114(2), pp. 166-176.

Zachor D. (2006) Autism.

Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.

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