HLSC122 Evidence For Practice


Scenario 2 (Mindfulness for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, PTSD)

Abdul has five years’ experience as a medical officer while serving in the armed forces.

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Abdul, a former military vet, is thinking about enrolling in a university health science program.

Abdul developed posttraumatic stress disorder during his time in the military.

Abdul knows that PTSD is also a possibility for health professionals.

Abdul recollects seeing a documentary on’mindfulness-based treatment’ (MBT) that was used to treat PTSD.

Abdul decides to search his own system for high quality evidence, before going to see a general doctor.

Clinical Question

Can mindfulness-based treatment be used to treat PTSD in veterans?

Answer to Question: HLSC122 Evidence For Practice


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTS) is one of the major mental health concerns.

It is seen as a common condition in those who have been exposed to different stresses and stressful environments.

The severity and concern surrounding this condition have increased.

According to current data, 2/3rds of individuals who were involved in war are likely to suffer from PTSD (Patient.info (2016)).

This clearly indicates the severity and seriousness of the condition.

This is a key factor that led to the funding of the research.

Furthermore, the research will reveal effective ways to manage the condition in the work environment.

Scenario 2 makes it clear that Abdul is a former military veteran.

In his case, PTSD was caused by the stress of war and exposure to it.

Research would focus on the effectiveness and safety of all interventions for the condition.

Key words/search terms/phrasesAlternative words


This assignment will highlight the main problem with mindfulness-based therapy for treating veterans suffering from PTSD.

“Mindfulness based therapy” “Posttraumatic stress disorder” are the main keywords associated with the problem that was investigated in a systematic review.

“Mindfulness-based treatment.”


For the treatment of PTSD, there are three main options: Prolonged exposure, Cognitive Processing Therapy, and mindfulness-based therapies.

One of the most successful interventions is mindfulness-based treatment. This therapy helps to manage the symptoms and provides support in dealing with complex emotions, depressions, and anxiety that are associated with PTSD (Smith 2007).

However, many researches show that Cognitive Processing Therapy and prolonged exposure are the most effective treatments for managing the condition.

For this aspect of research, the key words were “mindfulness based therapy” (Post-traumatic stress disorder) “Cognitive Processing Therapy” and “prolonged exposure”.

“Mindfulness-based treatment” or “therapy”


The research was completed and the aim of the study, which was to assess the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapy in treating veterans with PTSD such as Abdul, was established (Gates et.al., 2012).

For the purpose completing a systematic search to find evidence about the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapies and comparing them, the key words included “mindfulness therapy” “Cognitive Processing Therapy”” “Prolonged exposure”” “effectiveness”. N.A


It was discovered that mindfulness-based therapy is effective in managing trauma survivors such as veterans Abdul, anxiety, hyper arousal and other complex issues.

According to different researches (Ptsd.va.gov 2015), Cognitive Processing Therapy as well as Prolonged Exposure have been shown to be the most effective for the management of this condition.

But mindfulness-based therapies are also effective in this situation. They provide the support and skills needed to be able to undertake these interventions.

Mindfulness-based therapy can be used to manage the condition of military veterans, such as Abdul.

These key words were used to conduct this research regarding the outcome of mindfulness-based treatment. They are “mindfulness based therapy”, “effectiveness”, “Cognitive Processing Therapies” and “Prolonged Exposure”.”mindfulness-based approaches”

PsycINFO & Medline were chosen as the data bases to be used.

PsycINFO’s international literature is the reason we choose to use it.

It also includes psychological research as well its application. This allows it to provide relevant information about the research topic. (Proquest, 2017).

You should also note that the database contains over 1800 professional journals, reports, and books related to the topic of the research. This is another major reason why you should choose the database.

Also, the Medline database has been used for the research.

This particular database has medical subject headlines that allow for access to around 4800 biomedical publications.

Another reason for choosing this database is the availability of journals that deal in research that is interdisciplinary.

Because of this, the database provided a wide array of resources and data that were relevant to the research topic.Database:


Search mode



Search 1-

“therapy” and Post-traumatic stress disorderMedline2109

English publication titled Veterans, English. Published between 2006-2016Not debate, Not review, Not editorial

Search 2- “Cognitive Processing Therapy”, “Post-traumatic stress disorder”Medline15

Find 3-“Mindfulness-based therapy” & “Post-traumatic stress disorder”Medline6

The three-way search yielded 6 hits that were used for further research.

PICO asked about the effectiveness of mindfulness-based therapies in treating veterans suffering with PTSD.

To determine the relevance and alignment of the search result with the research topic, we used the key terms found in the journals.

In order to determine relevance of the result, the abstract and the objectives, outcomes, and references were manually reviewed.

The manual review of the sources of information revealed that it was in accordance with the research topic. It was then used for research to provide accuracy to the search results.


Based on research, it was concluded that mindfulness-based therapies can help in the management and treatment of complex trauma issues such as anxiety and hyper arousal in veterans with PTSD.


Gates M. (with D. Holowka, Vasterling J. and T. Keane (2012).

Posttraumatic Stress Disorders in Veterans and Military Personnel – Epidemiology. Screening. and Case Recognition.

Journal of Psychological Services (9(4)), pp. 361-382.Patient.info. (2016).

PTSD – Post-traumatic Stress Disorder.

Information on PTSD. [online] Available at: https://patient.info/health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-leaflet [Accessed 31 Mar. 2017].Proquest.com. (2017).

PsycINFO. [online] Available at: https://www.proquest.com/products-services/psycinfo-set-c.html [Accessed 31 Mar. 2017].Ptsd.va.gov. (2015).

National Center for PTSD. [online] Available at: https://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/treatment/therapy-med/mindful-ptsd.asp [Accessed 31 Mar. 2017].RAI, A. (2007).

Searching through the Medical Literatures using Internet: Review of MEDLINE Database.

TULSSAA journal, 4(3).Smith, L. (2007).

Research Portfolio. Memory for Trauma and the Development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorders Following Traumatic Brain Injury.

Journal of Psychological Medicine.