HLSC122 Searching For Evidence Scenarios


Kasim is an older male who loves to play AFL.

After many years of playing, Kasim now has knee pain.

His doctor advised that he could take celecoxib 200mg/day (a type of non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory [NSAID] pain medication) or glucosamine 1500 mg/day.

Kasim wants to find out if any evidence supports the use of celecoxib or glucoseamine to relieve his knee pain.

Celecoxib or the glucosamine are better options for men suffering from severe knee pain.

Abdul gained five years’ medical experience while in the military.

Abdul, a former military vet, is interested in enrolling at a university to study health science.

Abdul developed posttraumatic stress disorder during his military career.

He also knows that PTSD is something that can be experienced by healthcare professionals.

Abdul recalled seeing a documentary about mindfulness-based treatment (MBT) that was used to treat PTSD.

Abdul decides to search his own system for high quality evidence, before going to see a general doctor.

Mindfulness-based therapy has proven to be very effective for veterans suffering from PTSD.

Answer to Question: HLSC122 Searching For Evidence Scenarios

Medline covers many subjects.

It is intended for biomedicine and health disciplines that include life sciences, bioengineering, behavioral sciences, and chemical sciences. This includes those who are involved with public health and policy development, clinical care, and public health.

Ingelfinger and colleagues (2016) added more than 800000 citations each year.

It contains over 6000 sources from more than forty countries.

It provides access to a wide range of information for students and scientists, from 1946 to the present.

CINAHL: Importance

It has been in existence since 1937 and covers a broad range of topics.

It contains all the journal articles, conference papers as well as dissertations.

There are also non-scholarly publications, which contain information for patients.

It includes 5400 periodicals that include 1300 journals. (Ingelfinger and al., 2016).

It also covers broad topics such as nursing science and behavioral science paramedical research, as well as health administration.

Interpersonal therapy can prevent postpartum depression in pregnant mothers

PPD, a disorder that has a high morbidity level, is critical for treatment.

Interpersonal therapy can help with depression symptoms.

The treatment targets psycho-psychological, social, interpersonal, and socio-psychological support.

The attachment theory and interpersonal theory is the basis for the treatment (Stuart (2014).

Attachment theory is the foundation of understanding how people create and sustain relationships. This theory also guides help-seeking behaviour and the ability to request assistance in times of crisis.

IP theory describes maladaptive communication channels which can lead to difficulty in their existing IP relations.

PDD therapy with IP correlates to bio-psychological techniques which explains that each person’s social, psychological and biological factors combine in order to produce a distinct diathesis.

These are all common cases of PPD in women.

It is because of the presence biological and hormonal changes at pregnancy (Le & Perry (2016)).

It is possible to experience stress at a time when women are in a sufficiency IP crisis such as the perinatal loss.

Next, biopsychological techniques can be used to identify psychological problems that occur in response a particular stressor such as the birth (Gufler. et al. 2014).

The IPT allows patients to see the effect of their attachment style or temperament on psychological stressors.

It refers specifically to the development and maintenance of biological factors, including genetics, within the context of social relations and larger social assistance.

The bio-psychosocial treatment results directly to IPT’s exact focus, which is the psychological, biological, and social causes of the patient’s misery.

These techniques make it possible to use IPT in conjunction with psychotropic drugs as soon as they are shown.

The IP therapy can also be featured in special therapeutic plans that are specific to perinatal mothers.

The Interpersonal Problem, Inventory, and Interpersonal Formulation are the three most important.

The Interpersonal problem focuses on PPD in Grief and Loss. Role Transitions Interpersonal disputes (Vaever et. al., 2015).

The three-way approach to the conversion of the issue area into an attachment style is the basis for the modification in the conceptualization.

All of the interpersonal therapy efficacy studies that have evaluated patients with different problem areas found that their results were much lower for patients with sensitive issues (Perra, et al. (2015)).

Clinical data confirms the experimental data. All of the current manuals on interpersonal therapy recommend that this area be avoided.

This problem area cannot be used to treat acute interpersonal issues.

In contrast, long-standing interpersonal difficulties, described by terms like interpersonal sensitivities and deficits, can be linked with the apprehensive attached style illustrated in Schimmenti & Bifulco 2015, whose model was used in interpersonal counseling.

These people are often unable to form and maintain relationships, have trouble asking for help and do not have a lot of support.

However, they almost always find treatment when they need it.



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Routine primary healthcare

MEDLINEDepression during pregnancy,

An increase in depression

In childbirth, count

Extended postnatal blues, Psychiatric problem, social issues

Interpersonal issues and bio-psychological problemsSex, Human,

Year of publication


Dynamic psychotherapy

Cognitive-behavioral therapy

Counselling directive

bio-psychological assistance

Refer toGufler, S., Smith-Nielsen, J., Vaever, M., & Harder, S. (2014).

Different levels of protest observed in infants aged 4 months of mothers who are depressed and non-depressed mothers.

In the 14th World Congress of the World Association for Infant Mental Health.Ingelfinger, J. R., Kalantar-Zadeh, K., Schaefer, F., Havas, K., Bonner, A., Douglas, C., … & Pozehl, B. (2016).


Journal of Renal Care.Le, H. N., & Perry, D. F. (2016).

Low-income mothers can avoid postpartum depressing symptoms by engaging in interpersonal psychotherapy.

Evidence Based Nursing.Perra, O., Phillips, R., Fyfield, R., Waters, C., & Hay, D. F. (2015).

Do mothers’ postnatal depressions influence imitation development?

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 56 (11), 1231-1238.Schimmenti, A., & Bifulco, A. (2015).

A linkage between inadequate care in childhood and anxiety disorders in young adulthood: The role attachment styles.

Child and Adolescent mental Health, 20(1) 41-48. Stuart, S. (2014).

S. (2014). Interpersonal psychotherapy for Hypochondriasis. An attachment-based approach.

Hypochondriasis/health anxiety: A guidebook for clinicians, 199-221.Vaever, M. S., Krogh, M. T., Smith?Nielsen, J., Christensen, T. T., & Tharner, A. (2015).

The Infants of Mothers with Depression Show Reduced Gaze Activity at 4 Months. Infancy, 20(4), 445-454.