HLT54121 Diploma Of Nursing


Answers:
What Happened (And Did Not Happen) To The Pizza On Its Journey Through Sam’s Digestive Tract And Why His Faeces Were Oily.

The digestive process begins when we eat our tasty pizza! Taking a slice of the pizza helps it crumble. Mouth swishing helps rehydrate meals. Also, amylase is found in saliva. A “bolus” is a spherical pizza. We had no choice but to eat pizza.

Our pizza is swallowed as a bolus and goes down our throat to our stomach. The stomach is connected to the back of our mouth via a ten-inch tube. Peristalsis helps the bolus down the throat (Berzin, 2022).

Then our pouch-shaped stomach gets our pizza. After eating the pizza, the gastric fluids and pizza combine in the stomach. It starts to degrade as soon as you eat pepperoni or Canadian bacon. The GI tract’s absorption capacity is limited (mostly water, salt and some lipid-soluble medications). The chyme (pizza) is digested in the small intestine.

The pancreas is a long, spongy organ behind the stomach. The ileum excretes the enzymes essential to break down our pizza. Our pizza’s carbohydrate, protein, and fat content can now be measured. Various pancreatic secretions are needed to make our pizza’s nutrition.

The gallbladder is a little pear-shaped structure near the liver. The gallbladder stores bile until the liver uses it. They’ll aid in fat breakdown. The bile and pancreatic juices mix in the small intestine (Pranoto, 2022).

The liver, the body’s most vital gland, performs numerous activities. Bile is produced by the liver and is required for fat digestion. So the liver converts carbs and proteins into fat molecules. Our body will store the fat from our pizza in adipose tissue.

Pizza enters the intestines via peristalsis. The small intestine is a lengthy, tubular organ that absorbs most nutrients. The little digestive tract has 18-20 feet of intestine. Pancreatic and gallbladder juices will help us digest our pizza. Food is digested and absorbed in the small intestine. Villi are small intestinal structures. The villi of the small intestine let nutrients into the body.

The large intestine is longer than the small intestine. When pizza chyme enters the big intestine, it crumbles. Absorption allows for both hydration and electrolyte replacement. Food is stored as feces in the large intestine after passing through the small intestine.

Steatorrhea is a medical term for feces containing fat. Fatty foods can lead to malnutrition and overconsumption (Harris, 2022). Your body lacks enzymes and bile to breakdown fats. If you have a lot of fat in your feces, your digestive tract is probably malfunctioning. The fat in your diet may prevent you from absorbing all of the nutrients. Malabsorption is common in cystic fibrosis. The pancreas and sweat glands are impacted by this hereditary condition.

Most steatorrhea-induced malabsorption is pancreatic in origin. Pancreatic juice helps burn fat. Pancreatitis causes malabsorption and steatorrhea. Inflammation of the pancreas, a small organ near the intestine, is called pancreatitis. Enzymes help digest fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in the small intestine.

Chronic pancreatitis can be caused by many different reasons, including illnesses. Alcoholism, smoking, and alcoholism in the family are risk factors. Exocrine pancreatic failure can cause fatty feces (EPI). EPI causes pancreas to manufacture and release insufficient digestive enzymes to aid digestion and nutrient absorption (Rocchetti et al., 2022).

References

Berzin, R. (2022). State Change: End Anxiety, Beat Burnout, and Ignite a New Baseline of Energy and Flow. Simon and Schuster.

Harris, N. (2022). Along the Path: Hope and Despair of a Veteran Activist Educator (Doctoral dissertation, Trent University (Canada)).

Pranoto, Y. (2022). Starch and its Derivatives as Potential Source of Prebiotics. Probiotics, Prebiotics and Synbiotics: Technological Advancements Towards Safety and Industrial Applications, 378-406.

Rocchetti, G., Callegari, M. L., Senizza, A., Giuberti, G., Ruzzolini, J., Romani, A., … & Lucini, L. (2022). Oleuropein from olive leaf extracts and extra-virgin olive oil provides distinctive phenolic profiles and modulation of microbiota in the large intestine. Food Chemistry, 132187.