Identify and describe the piece of good Samaritan legislation applicable to your State/Territory.
Please briefly describe how the Act is applied in first aid.
Refer to the Work Health and Safety Regulations (2011) and identify any 3 (three), specific responsibilities placed on individuals conducting a business or undertaking.
What is the duty of care for a certified first aid or volunteer in a situation requiring first aid?
The duty of care recommendation from the Australian and New Zealand Committee on Resuscitation is what healthcare professionals should do when they are not on duty.
Give examples of both implied and explicit consents for provision of first aid.
Identify 2 or more legal factors that could determine whether first-aid could be provided without consent (refer ARC Guideline 10.5 – Legal & Ethical Concerns Related to Resuscitation).
Briefly describe the best way to evaluate the response of a collapsed individual
What are the possible stress-management strategies that may be required in an emergency situation, particularly for the first-aid provider and any other bystanders?
Briefly describe what an emergency responder should look, hear and feel when assessing the patient’s breathing.
Referring to the ARC guidelines, briefly describe the first aid management procedures for each of the following scenarios.
Answer to Question: HLTAID003 Diploma Of Nursing
The law of the good Samaritan is to protect anyone who gives first aid to a person in emergency. However, this does not apply to those who are working with emergency services such the St. John ambulance.
Lay people and volunteers acting as Good Samaritans do not have a legal obligation to aid a fellow human being.
Despite that being the case, The Northern Territory has a Statute Law that requires people to assist anyone in need. However ANZCOR supports the saving of lives, but rescuers need to be informed about possible risks to their own safety (Hobfoll Brymer Friedman n& Maguen 2007, 2007).
A trained first aider, or volunteer who has received First Aid training, does not have to respond to an emergency. If the individual is willing to help, they can expect a duty of care.
Each health care professional, regardless of their absence, has the obligation to assist anyone in crisis.
Although it is not required, one can offer assistance.
Leman & Jacobs (2011) recommend that health experts use their expertise in a responsible manner.
Express assent is one option, but implied assent is another.
Express assent is when the patient expresses their approval to a specialist. This can be done through having papers signed.
Another way to indicate consent is through the patient’s actions.
Once the unconscious person and rescuer have been secured, move to their aid and get them on their sides. Never leave the patient sitting on a seat or with their heads between their knees.
Call an ambulance to stop bleeding immediately if necessary. Finally, keep checking the patient’s condition if it changes (Gulam & Devereux 2007,
Once the rescuer and the unconscious person are safe, move to the side of the patient and ensure the air route opens. Never leave the patient sitting on a seat or with their heads between their knees.
Call an ambulance to stop bleeding immediately if necessary. Finally, keep an eye on the patient for any changes (Gulam & Devereux 2007, Gulam & Devereux 2007).
The head tilt/chin lift moves the tongue further from the back, which allows air to reach the lungs.
Use the jaw-push to adjust if you suspect or have any head or spine damage.
You can circle the blood by doing mouth to lips so it can oxygenate the body. Your cerebrum, various organs, and nervous system remain healthy while you wait for the emergency vehicle.
There is enough oxygen in the blood for the cerebrum to stay alive for several minutes. But it doesn’t circulate unless you do mouth to mouth.
Start CPR by doing 30 chest compressions. Then check the airway for obstructions and give salvage breaths.
If you happen to have CPR preparing but aren’t sure about your abilities, simply do chest compressions at a pace of 100-120 per moment.
Fast evaluation – This is a rapid, head-to toe appraisal for patients who are in life-threatening positions.
Centred assessment – This is an examination that is performed with stable patients.
It focuses primarily on the specific damage or the restorative dissension.
You can find the fundamental signs here: Heartbeat, breaths. Skin signs. Understudies. Pulse.
This could also include the recording of oxygen saturation levels. This is especially important when managing concoction-operator presentations.
Heartbeat – This is a measure of rate, beat, or quality.
Breath: Assess rate, profundity of sound, simplicity, and ease of relaxation
Assessment of skin conditions – Look out for signs such as shading, temperature and dampness.
Understudies: Check for students’ size, correspondence, response to light, and other characteristics.
First-aid providers often put aside their own physical and psychological wellbeing and work hard.
They start to feel the effects such as fear, frustrations, which eventually can impact relationships, feelings, and the body.
To alleviate these symptoms and improve your quality of living, it is essential to use stress-management techniques.
It is important to determine if there is movement in the chest.
The first aider should assess the patient in an emergency to determine whether they are conscious or unconscious, and if they are breathing.
It is possible to measure the pulse by feeling the area around the neck or wrist.
The lo can also be used for assessing your breathing.
According to the ARC guidelines it is important to first assess the extent of the injury.
For pain relief, it is best to use cold water or soak the burned area in cold for at least three to four minutes.
The second step is to cover it with a clean towel.
It is not recommended to remove clothing that has been stuck to the surface.
As you monitor the causes of the symptoms, take note of vital signs such as pulse rate, breathing rate, and blood pressure.
Chest injuries from falling debris must be treated as life-threatening injuries and should be referred to a physician immediately.
In such situations, it is essential to assess whether the patient is still breathing or has a weak or rapid pulse.
Open wounds should be checked.
It is best to pad open wounds.
An adult casualty who has been fitted with a medical bracelet warning of diabetes mellitus, and presents with hypoglycaemia symptoms (in 50-70 words).
The first aid should get the casualty down. If they are carrying a glucose gel, the responder must help them to take it. But if they do not have one, the responder can give the casualty something sugary, such as sugary sweets.
Check their glucose levels to make sure they are in the normal range.
If they persist, get medical help. They should also be able to keep their breathing, pulse rate, or responsiveness under control.
First aid should be able to stop bleeding from a wound that has been dislocated.
The first aid should also be able to immobilize the affected area in order reduce pain.
Pillows can also be used to comfort the casualty.
You should seek medical attention in the case of heatstroke.
If the victim is conscious, then move them to a quiet place. If the patient is unconscious, but breathing, the responder can place the victim on their back.
As the ambulance arrives, the responder must keep an eye out for any changes in the condition of the casualty.
Protect the casualty by taking out hazardous substances, such as chairs.
Because it can result in a broken bone, the first aider should not stop casualty movement.
The first aider should also be present to the patient and manage seizures.
If the seizure happens in public, then bystanders should be alerted and cleared.
A doctor should immediately call an ambulance.
The first thing to do is to calm the patient.
The first person to help will then apply pressure to any open wounds.
If the wound isn’t a limb it should be raised to decrease blood flow.
If there is a foreign body in the wound that needs to be removed, then padding should be used on both sides.
Finally, the patient should be kept at rest until you are able to get medical help.
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