NUR1100 Introduction To Nursing Praxis


Jean Watson’s Theory of Human Caring is a guide for nurses to help preserve humanity and human dignity.

We can bring care and caring moments to fruition through the application of Watson’s 10 caritas processes.

Don’t use plagiarized sources. Get Your Custom Essay on
NUR1100 Introduction To Nursing Praxis
Just from $8/Page
Order Essay

Part A

Compile an annotated bibliography of five peer reviewed journal articles summarizing Watson’s Theory of Human Caring.

Part B

The annotated bibliography will help you to choose two caritas procedures that reflect your personal values as beginning nurses.

Discuss the components of thecaritasprocesses you have chosen.

Choose two standards that you believe reflect the caritas processes. Then, explain how a registered RN can incorporate the standards and caritas processes into the delivery or nursing care.

Answer to Question: NUR1100 Introduction To Nursing Praxis

Part A

This article explains and describes Jean Watson’s Human Caring theory and the outcomes for a woman who has lost her ability to have children.

This article describes the order of Watson’s Caritas and how they can help in providing supportive nursing care.

The article illustrates how nurses can foster patient interaction and help them achieve their ultimate goal, which is to maintain patient healing.

Additionally, the article presents a case that demonstrates the value of Human Caring. It shows how nurses use it in stressful situations to promote and sustain well-being.

The article’s major drawback is that it doesn’t explain Watson’s theory in detail. Instead, the article only explains their applications.

This will serve as the foundation of my research since it is a crucial application of Watson’s theory in practice.

This article describes a transformation in a person’s life. It shows how a Watsons theory of care and the ten Caritas processes were applied to a major medical problem.

This author shares her story to give hope to patients who have seen their lives turned upside down by chronic diseases.

This article’s major drawback is that Watson’s theory can be applied to nurses only, not patients.

It will not be the basis for my research. However, this article could be helpful in identifying major uses of the caritas processes.

Lachman presents a case study that demonstrates how Watson’s theory and care can be used in ethics as well as laws and nursing policies.

The article covers the background and practical application of Watson theory in ethical nursing.

The components discussed include Watson’s definition and basic guidelines of care and the caritas procedure.

The article also covered the theory and practice for professional caring.

This review has a major flaw. It focuses solely on Watson theory in ethical nursing.

The article will not be used as a basis for my study. However, it will provide insight into the theory and the caritas procedures.

This article covers the core concepts of caring science.

This article provides a systematic overview of the core principles and practices of caring science, as illustrated by Watson in 2008.

The core principle involves the practice or loving and kindness to patients and colleagues.

Wagner also provides information about the ten Watsons curative factor, their meanings, and how they can be applied.

The author also outlines 10 Watson’s Caritas processes, and how to apply them within nursing practice.

This article shows how the ten curative factors and their associated Caritas process are related and how they can both be applied to improving patient care.

This article has one limitation. It doesn’t give any examples of caritas.

This is the major article to be used in this study as it demonstrates every aspect of Watson’s theory.

This article discusses peace and human care in relation to integrative principles of nursing that are embedded in a nursing context.

This article presents a structured framework that demonstrates the importance of caring science as well as the ten Caritas processes.

Watson demonstrates that the practice and practice of human caring are emerging issues in nursing practice. They provide a new connection among the energetic sequences as well as the global care practices, so that peace can be achieved around the globe.

Watson suggests that the relation between caring, peace and unity can lead to a completely universal pattern.

This article’s main drawback is that Watson theory and the caritas process are not applied outside of hospitals.

Although this article is not intended to be used as a basis for any further study, it will assist me in understanding how the theory behind caring and caritas works in health promotion.

Part B


Care can be shown in nursing models. It can also be practiced by nurses or other healthcare providers.

The evidence shows that caring for patients fosters growth and healing (Goldin and Kautz 2012).

Caring is about accepting another person and helping them to become the best version of themselves ( Moffa (2015)).

Watson’s theory on human caring states that nursing has three main goals: promoting health and taking measures to prevent disease, caring for sick people, and returning to normal levels of health (Goldin, Kautz, 2012).

Watson said that caring can promote health more than simple medical treatments (Goldin &Kautz 2012).

This study examines how nurses used various nursing standards and caritas process to provide care.

It also seeks to determine how nurses can combine both the Watson caritas practices and the corresponding standard of practice in order to provide better patient care.Caritas Processes

Jean Watson’s theory about human care includes ten processes.

This caritas’ core purpose is to foster human caring through therapeutic communication.

Caritas is the act of holding another with unconditional love and entering into the experience to discover new possibilities.

These caritas can be used to help nurses hold sacred space and time for healing patients during their time of need. It also helps them learn how not to judge others.

Additionally, it is possible to respond to each other with congruence, honesty, as well as engage in a relation that serves similar purposes (Wagner, 2014.

This caritas suggests clarifying issues between patient and nurse to foster direct and constructive communication. Both parties should be respectful (Wagner 2014.

One of the other aspects of caritas that have been proven to be high in personal values is helping patients with basic needs. This includes their spiritual, physical and emotional needs.

Watson states that there are two levels of human needs. The lower needs can be grouped into higher and lower orders (Moffa (2015)).

The lowest needs are those that require physical food, fluids, elimination, ventilation and other basic needs.

Others lower order needs include things like sexuality needs, human activity, and elimination. However they are psychological needs that fall outside of biophysical needs (Goldin&Kautz 2012).

The higher-order needs are self-actualization, achievements and affiliation.

These basic human necessities are consistent with what every person needs to survive.

A lack of one of these essential human needs can cause mental, physical and spiritual problems (Goldin&Kautz 2012).Practice Standards

There are many ways to demonstrate the core values and scope for nurses.

Engaging in a professional and therapeutic relationship is one way.

Each registered nurse must be able to show in their field of practice that they can actively engage in therapeutic and professional relationships with their patients. (Registered nurse standards, 2016).

This requires a patient-centered approach to communication that is based on trust, honesty, and respect.

Nurses should ensure that they are able to establish, develop, sustain, and finish nurse-patient relationships in a manner that can distinguish personal and professional relationships. Registered nurse standards for practicing, 2016.

This practice of standards helps nurses communicate with dignity and honesty while also respecting patients’ rights, culture, and beliefs.

It is possible to build therapeutic relationships with patients and understand that patients are the experts in their own experiences. Registered nurse standards for practice, 2016.

The standard practice of nursing is also providing safe and high-quality care.

All nurses are responsible for providing quality care and directing their efforts in a goal-oriented manner.

All nursing services must adhere to the Registered Nurse Standards for Practice, 2016.

These practices are based a systemic assessment of evidence and utilize the best evidence to archive the expected outcomes and plan for patients’ recovery. Registered nurse standards for practicing, 2016.

In order to provide the best nursing care, nurses must be competent in their areas of practice.

Nurses must also advocate for their patients to ensure best service (Registered nursing standards for practice, 2016,).

All this will allow nurses the ability to practice according to regulations, policies, or standards that are intended for patients’ care.

The Alignment Of The Caritas Processes With The Standards Of Practice

Caritas is the process of building and maintaining a trusting and caring relationship. It also involves engaging in therapeutic relationship practice of standard through creating successful nurse-patient relationships that allow for open communication. This allows for comprehensive assessment and management.

Watson states that communication can be described as cognitive, behavioral and affective.

Watson also suggested three levels of communication. These are somatic, action and language.

Watson theory is used to help nurses develop therapeutic communication.

This applies mainly to chronic illnesses like diabetes, cancer, chronic renal disease, and some mental disorders such as depression, in order to improve self-management (Wagner (2014)).

In addition to this, a better therapeutic relationship between nurses and patients encourages honesty and trust which makes patients more open to providing all the information required (Goldin, Kautz 2012).

Caritas means that patients receive basic care, such as emotional, spiritual, and physical needs. The goal of safe and high-quality nursing is to plan for and achieve well-being.

A state of good health can be described as a state that is physical, psychological and spiritual.

Watson caritas processes suggests that nurses should provide quality care in order to meet the patients’ human needs (Wagner, 2014.).

The person’s wellbeing is defined by their ability to meet all their basic needs.

A person’s basic needs can be satisfied by a variety of factors. This is critical for the practice and establishment of high quality nursing care.

Delivery Of Care

Nursing practice involves the identification, planning, and implementation of planned interventions to achieve desired outcomes.

A health assessment is necessary in order to properly identify the problem of a patient (Moffa, 2015.

Wagner (2014). Nursing will employ the standard of creating and maintaining a therapeutic and professional relationship in order to get and understand the main health problem of a patient.

The therapeutic relationship is essential for nurses to be able help patients with their emotional, spiritual and psychological problems.

The nurse-patient relationship is important because it allows for good communication. This makes it easier to provide patient education and guidance.

This will greatly help psychiatric patients as they require a trusting and honest therapeutic relationship.

In order to have therapeutic relations that are mutually beneficial, nurses must be able to engage in activities that promote safety, ethics, healthy growth, and maturity (Wagner (2014)).

After collecting all the necessary information, nurses will usually plan interventions that improve and maintain basic human needs. (Lachman, 2013).

In order to improve the well-being of patients, nurses will always insist on using safe and high quality practices in order to achieve better outcomes (Durgun, Ukumus 2015).

Patients with special needs need for relaxation, restoration, or sleep are also considered quality care (Durgun&Ukumus, 2015).

Good nutrition, proper ventilation, and proper elimination are all essential components of quality care.

The patient’s wellness includes more than just the physical and spiritual. To promote optimal health, quality of care should include psychological, cultural and religious aspects.


The caritas procedure involves the establishment, development and maintenance of caring relationships that are trustworthy and help align with the standards of practice. This involves engaging patients and their families in a therapeutic and professional relationship.

The nurse uses this therapeutic relationship to develop nursing plans and engage with patients in psychiatric therapeutic treatments and education.

Caritas is a process of helping patients with human needs. This aligns with standard practice for providing safe, responsive and appropriate nursing care. The goal of safe nursing practice is to plan and achieve outcomes that improve the patient’s health and well-being.

When a patient is in good health, the nurse will show the best care. This promotes their human needs.

ReferencesDurgun Y.

Ukumus H., Durgun Y. (2015). The implementation of Watson’s theory for human care.

International Journal of Caring Sciences January 8(1): 25-35

Goldin M. and Kautz D. (2012).

Watson’s caring theory applied to life transitions.

International Journal for Human Caring. 14, 11-14

Lachman D (2013) Applying care ethics to your nursing practice.

Ethics, law, & policy21 (2), 112-114Moffa, C. (2015).

Caring to Novice Nurses Using Swanson’s Theory of Caring. International Journal For Human Caring, 19(1), 63-65, M. (2014).

Caring Science, Mindful Practitioner. Nursing Science Quarterly, 27(3), 263-

Standards for Registered Nurse Practice (2016)

Nursing and Midwifery Board of Australia. 1-8Revels, A., Goldberg, L., & Watson, J. (2016).

Caring Science: An Theoretical Framework

Palliative and Emergency Care.

International Journal For Human Caring. 20(4): 206-212., W., Estes, T., & Watson, J. (2017).

Caring Science Conscious Living. Nursing Science Quarterly, 30(1),, J. (2013).

The Instrumentation of Care in Nursing Theory: A Critical Lens.

Advances in Nursing Science. 33(1): 17–26.Watson, J. (2010).

Caring Theory is an ethical guide to administrative and clinical practices. JONA’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, And Regulation, 8(3),

Wagner A (2014) Core concepts in Jean Watson’s theory human caring.

Watson caring science institute 1, 1-7Watson, J. (2014).

(2014). Integrative Nursing, 101-108. doi:10.1093/med/9780199860739.003.0008

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *