The previous section discussed the school-based intervention to prevent asthma in the organization Harris health system and chose the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP). This section will discuss the evaluation of the interventions applied and will provide rationale for it. Further, from the evidence, the reliability, applicability and validity of the process will be discussed with further implications and research.
The Rationale For The Methods Used In Collecting The Outcome Data:
The method used for the collection of the outcome data is questionnaire and interviews, conducted in the school. As the evidence-based practice needed total 6 months to implement and evaluate the intervention, data collection will be done in the 5th month. It is ethically not possible to ask the school about their confidential documents such as attendance register and health register. Hence, questionnaire and group interviews with students as well as teachers will help to collect the data easily (Palinkas et al., 2015). A set of 10 questions aiming to understand the effectiveness of intervention will be formed. Teachers and students replies will be collected in written format for further implementation.
The Ways In Which The Outcome Measures Evaluate The Extent To Which The Project Objectives Are Achieved:
After the data collection, next step will be evaluate the data and observe that desired objectives are achieved or not. The collected data will be divided into two sections, first teacher’s replies, and second will be student’s replies. Teacher’s replies will be further divided into positive and negative replies. This division will be done based on reply to each question. The first objective was treating pediatric asthma with the help of nursing population and outer stakeholders such as teachers. This objective was meet as teachers were able to implement the interventions to reduce the pediatric asthma in that institution. The second and third objective, reducing the number of children vising healthcare setting was also achieved to some extent. Maximum students were continuing their classes in the school as per the teachers, which is a positive sign of the intervention (Moore et al., 2015).
Validity, Reliability, And Applicability Of The Outcome
As per the evidence based practice and the collected literatures the evidences shows that this intervention is reliable and applicable. Validity of the intervention was however, was little less as 6 month period for the intervention did not showed 100 percent removal of pediatric asthma from the institution. Results of the interview conducted with the school principal also provided the evidence of the success of this intervention. According to Al Aloola et al. (2014) such intervention is applicable in smaller population and can show positive results which is reliable.
Strategies To Take If Outcomes Do Not Provide Positive Results
As mentioned in the previous section, as the validity of the intervention was six months, 100 percent results was not achieved. Hence, the first strategy to amend the data will be implementing the strategy for a longer period. Further, few more nursing staff should be appointed in the school, as few teachers are unable to remember the training provided to them prior to commencement of the program (Cabana et al., 2014).
Implications For Practice And Future Research
Finally, the implication of this practice for future research will include conducting the intervention in large section of population. As the results, obtained from this experiment showed positive signs and number of students vising healthcare settings decreased, application of this intervention to a large section of population shows positive signs. Hence, future research of this intervention is necessary to benefit a larger section of population.
Al Aloola, N. A., Naik-Panvelkar, P., Nissen, L., &Saini, B. (2014).Asthma interventions in primary schools–a review. Journal of Asthma, 51(8), 779-798.
Cabana, M. D., Slish, K. K., Evans, D., Mellins, R. B., Brown, R. W., Lin, X., … & Clark, N. M. (2014). Impact of physician asthma care education on patient outcomes. Health Education & Behavior, 41(5), 509-517.
Moore, G. F., Audrey, S., Barker, M., Bond, L., Bonell, C., Hardeman, W., … & Baird, J. (2015). Process evaluation of complex interventions: Medical Research Council guidance. bmj, 350, h1258.
Palinkas, L. A., Horwitz, S. M., Green, C. A., Wisdom, J. P., Duan, N., & Hoagwood, K. (2015). Purposeful sampling for qualitative data collection and analysis in mixed method implementation research. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, 42(5), 533-544.